World Health Organization Speaks out about Antibiotic Resistance

The World Health Organization announced in a 256 page report on Antibiotic Resistance that if something isn’t done about the issue, then we are facing a “problem so serious that it threatens the achievements of modern medicine.”

They go on to state that “Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) threatens the effective prevention and treatment of an ever-increasing range of infections caused by bacteria, parasites, viruses and fungi. ”

The key findings, according to the document, are:

• Very high rates of resistance have been observed in bacteria that cause common health-care associated and community-acquired infections (e.g. urinary tract infection, pneumonia) in all WHO regions.

• There are significant gaps in surveillance, and a lack of standards for methodology, data sharing and coordination.

Key findings from AMR surveillance in disease-specific programmes are as follows:

• Although multidrug-resistant TB is a growing concern, it is largely under-reported, compromising control efforts.

• Foci of artemisinin resistance in malaria have been identified in a few countries. Further spread, or emergence in other regions, of artemisinin-

resistant strains could jeopardize important recent gains in malaria control.

• Increasing levels of transmitted anti-HIV drug resistance have been detected among patients starting antiretroviral treatment.

Download or read the full document here.


New Test Method for Needlestick Resistance of Protective Gloves

A new test method has just been standardized for needlestick resistance of protective gloves. It is available as a free download on the irsst website.

This from the irsst website:

Abstract

Hand injuries, which represent approximately 21% of CSST-compensated injuries, affect several professions, including blue collar workers, prison guards, and police officers, who run a high risk of being pricked by contaminated needles. Current standardized test methods do not correctly evaluate the resistance of protective gloves to these punctures and do not take into account the effect of the presence of a hand inside the glove. The aim of this study is to develop a method for characterizing the actual resistance of gloves to puncture by very pointed objects such as needles, with this method later becoming the subject of a standard. It will also determine the degree of dexterity and sensitivity that this protective equipment offers to workers. The data collected will help users choose the puncture-resistant gloves most appropriate for their task, thus promoting their wear and helping to reduce the number of injuries to workers hands. These results will be exportable to other activity sectors, including the hospital environment, and will be useful to manufacturers for improving their products.

Free download (PDF 1682 Ko)


Pay attention to the 4-digit number on your gloves

If you’re like most people, you’ve never really asked yourself what the 4-digit number on those pair of gloves you’re wearing was all about. It isn’t on all gloves but it’s on a lot of them and it there to provide you with information about the glove.

It’s the EN388 rating and it measures abrasion resistance, blade cut resistance, tear resistance and puncture resistance in that order. The performance rating is 1 to 4 with 1 being the lowest and 4 the highest. The blade cut resistance is the only exception; this rating goes up to 5.

This standard is actually the European standard, the ANSI standard, which is the US standard doesn’t have similar symbol that covers all these categories.

Knowing and understanding this rating can help you make sure that you have right glove for the right application.