Spring Cleaning Safety Tips

They say there’s no better way to make it rain than to wash you car so maybe the same applies to spring cleaning, maybe spring cleaning makes the weather lousy. Either way, it needs to be done at some point so here are a few tips to make sure you do it safely.

Spring cleaning indoors:

  • When vacuuming and sweeping, check for electrical cords crossing your path or running under rugs. Cords should be out of pathways to avoid tripping and should never be hidden under rugs or furniture where they could overheat and potentially start a fire. Inspect these cords for damage such as fraying or cracking, which is cause for replacement.
  • Check outlets to ensure they aren’t overloaded. An outlet that makes popping noises, is hot to the touch or has sparks coming out of it should be checked by a certified electrician.
  • When cleaning in the bathroom and kitchen, make sure electrical appliances are not placed where they’ll get wet. Electrical parts can become grounded when wet, posing an electric shock or overheating hazard.
  • When dusting, check lamps and fixtures to ensure they have light bulbs with the correct wattage. Wattage should be of equal or lesser value than that recommended by the manufacturer.

Spring cleaning outdoors:

  • Winter’s inactive muscles can take only so much strain. Don’t overdo it — build up slowly so you don’t have strains that can put you out of commission for some time
  • If you use power tools to work outside, make sure extension cords are marked for outdoor use and rated for the power needs of your tools. Overloaded cords may lead to electric shock and serious injury.
  • Wear safety goggles and other protection as recommended by the equipment or tool manufacturer when mowing, trimming or edging. Avoid loose clothing or jewelry that could get caught in moving parts.
  • Check for overhead power lines when using ladders to clean your gutters or pool cleaning equipment that could reach within 10 feet of the lines. Touching an overhead power line can lead to serious injury or even death from electric shock.
  • When digging in your yard to plant new flowers and plants, make sure you know where underground electric lines are located. Always call 811 or 1-800-DIG-TESS (toll-free) at least two working days prior to digging in order to locate underground utility lines.
  • If planning on trimming trees, check for overhead power lines. The only safe way to trim trees within 10 feet of power lines is to call a professional. Every year people are injured or even killed when they climb or prune trees near power lines. Tree limbs in contact with power lines can act as conductors, and a person can be seriously injured if contact is made.

Spring Lawn Care Safety Tips:

  • Lawn care, yep that time of year too. Before mowing, prepare your lawn by walking over it, checking for broken limbs, stones, toys and anything else that could shoot out from under the mower or damage the blade. Before you start your lawn mower for the first time, check to make sure that all guards are in place. Always turn off the mower and wait for the blades to stop completely before removing the grass catcher, unclogging the discharge chute or crossing gravel paths, roads or other areas.
  • Garden tools such as rakes, spades, forks, pruning clippers, files and metal plant stakes should not be left lying around when not in use. Store these with sharp points aiming down.
  • Practice poison prevention. Store pesticides and herbicides in original containers, on high shelves or inside locked cabinets, out of the reach of children. Keep the telephone number of your area Poison Control Center near your telephone: 1-800-222-1222.

July is Asbestos Safety Month

JULY ASBESTOS SAFETY MONTH

Asbestos


What is asbestos?

Asbestos is the name given to a group of naturally occurring minerals that are resistant to heat and corrosion. Asbestos has been used in products, such as insulation for pipes (steam lines for example), floor tiles, building materials, and in vehicle brakes and clutches. Asbestos includes the mineral fibers chrysotile, amosite, crocidolite, tremolite, anthophyllite, actinolite and any of these materials that have been chemically treated or altered. Heavy exposures tend to occur in the construction industry and in ship repair, particularly during the removal of asbestos materials due to renovation, repairs, or demolition. Workers are also likely to be exposed during the manufacture of asbestos products (such as textiles, friction products, insulation, and other building materials) and during automotive brake and clutch repair work.

What are the hazards of asbestos?

Asbestos is well recognized as a health hazard and its use is now highly regulated by both OSHA and EPA. Asbestos fibers associated with these health risks are too small to be seen with the naked eye. Breathing asbestos fibers can cause a buildup of scar-like tissue in the lungs called asbestosis and result in loss of lung function that often progresses to disability and death. Asbestos also causes cancer of the lung and other diseases such as mesothelioma of the pleura which is a fatal malignant tumor of the membrane lining the cavity of the lung or stomach.

Even if asbestos is in your home, this is usually NOT a serious problem. The mere presence of asbestos in a home or a building is not hazardous. The danger is that asbestos materials may become damaged over time. Damaged asbestos may release asbestos fibers and become a health hazard.

THE BEST THING TO DO WITH ASBESTOS MATERIAL IN GOOD CONDITION IS TO LEAVE IT ALONE! Disturbing it may create a health hazard where none existed before. Read this booklet before you have any asbestos material inspected, removed, or repaired.

Where Asbestos Hazards May Be Found In The Home


  1. Some roofing and siding shingles are made of asbestos cement.

  2. Houses built between 1930 and 1950 may have asbestos as insulation.

  3. Asbestos may be present in textured paint and in patching compounds used on wall and ceiling joints. Their use was banned in 1977.

  4. Artificial ashes and embers sold for use in gas-fired fireplaces may contain asbestos.

  5. Older products such as stove-top pads may have some asbestos compounds.

  6. Walls and floors around wood burning stoves may be protected with asbestos paper, millboard, or cement sheets.

  7. Asbestos is found in some vinyl floor tiles and the backing on vinyl sheet flooring and adhesives.

  8. Hot water and steam pipes in older houses may be coated with an asbestos material or covered with an asbestos blanket or tape.

  9. Oil and coal furnaces and door gaskets may have asbestos insulation.

What can be done to reduce the hazards of asbestos?

Worker exposure to asbestos hazards are addressed in specific OSHA standards for the construction industry, general industry and shipyard employment sectors. These standards reduce the risk to workers by requiring that employers provide personal exposure monitoring to assess the risk and hazard awareness training for operations where there is any potential exposure to asbestos. Airborne levels of asbestos are never to exceed legal worker exposure limits. Where the exposure does, employers are required to further protect workers by establishing regulated areas, controlling certain work practices and instituting engineering controls to reduce the airborne levels. The employer is required to ensure exposure is reduced by using administrative controls and provide for the wearing of personal protective equipment. Medical monitoring of workers is also required when legal limits and exposure times are exceeded.

How Can Asbestos Affect My Health?


From studies of people who were exposed to asbestos in factories and shipyards, we know that breathing high levels of asbestos fibers can lead to an increased risk of:

  • lung cancer:
    — mesothelioma, a cancer of the lining of the chest and the abdominal cavity; and
    — asbestosis, in which the lungs become scarred with fibrous tissue.

The risk of lung cancer and mesothelioma increases with the number of fibers inhaled. The risk of lung cancer from inhaling asbestos fibers is also greater if you smoke. People who get asbestosis have usually been exposed to high levels of asbestos for a long time. The symptoms of these diseases do not usually appear until about 20 to 30 years after the first exposure to asbestos.

Most people exposed to small amounts of asbestos, as we all are in our daily lives, do not develop these health problems. However, if disturbed, asbestos material may release asbestos fibers, which can be inhaled into the lungs. The fibers can remain there for a long time, increasing the risk of disease. Asbestos material that would crumble easily if handled, or that has been sawed, scraped, or sanded into a powder, is more likely to create a health hazard.

Where Can I Find Asbestos And When Can It Be A Problem?

Most products made today do not contain asbestos. Those few products made which still contain asbestos that could be inhaled are required to be labeled as such. However, until the 1970s, many types of building products and insulation materials used in homes contained asbestos. Common products that might have contained asbestos in the past, and conditions which may release fibers, include:

  • STEAM PIPES, BOILERS, and FURNACE DUCTS insulated with an asbestos blanket or asbestos paper tape. These materials may release asbestos fibers if damaged, repaired, or removed improperly.

  • RESILIENT FLOOR TILES (vinyl asbestos, asphalt, and rubber), the backing on VINYL SHEET FLOORING, and ADHESIVES used for installing floor tile. Sanding tiles can release fibers. So may scraping or sanding the backing of sheet flooring during removal.

  • CEMENT SHEET, MILLBOARD, and PAPER used as insulation around furnaces and wood burning stoves. Repairing or removing appliances may release asbestos fibers. So may cutting, tearing, sanding, drilling, or sawing insulation.

  • DOOR GASKETS in furnaces, wood stoves, and coal stoves. Worn seals can release asbestos fibers during use.

  • SOUNDPROOFING OR DECORATIVE MATERIAL sprayed on walls and ceilings. Loose, crumbly, or water-damaged material may release fibers. So will sanding, drilling, or scraping the material.

  • PATCHING AND JOINT COMPOUNDS for walls and ceilings, and TEXTURED PAINTS. Sanding, scraping, or drilling these surfaces may release asbestos.

  • ASBESTOS CEMENT ROOFING, SHINGLES, and SIDING. These products are not likely to release asbestos fibers unless sawed, dilled, or cut.

  • ARTIFICIAL ASHES AND EMBERS sold for use in gas-fired fireplaces. Also, other older household products such as FIREPROOF GLOVES, STOVE-TOP PADS, IRONING BOARD COVERS, and certain HAIRDRYERS.

  • AUTOMOBILE BRAKE PADS AND LININGS, CLUTCH FACINGS, and GASKETS.

What Should Be Done About Asbestos In The Home?

If you think asbestos may be in your home, don’t panic! Usually the best thing is to LEAVE asbestos material that is in good condition ALONE.

Generally, material in good condition will not release asbestos fibers. THERE IS NO DANGER unless fibers are released and inhaled into the lungs.

Check material regularly if you suspect it may contain asbestos. Don’t touch it, but look for signs of wear or damage such as tears, abrasions, or water damage. Damaged material may release asbestos fibers. This is particularly true if you often disturb it by hitting, rubbing, or handling it, or if it is exposed to extreme vibration or air flow.

Sometimes, the best way to deal with slightly damaged material is to limit access to the area and not touch or disturb it. Discard damaged or worn asbestos gloves, stove-top pads, or ironing board covers. Check with local health, environmental, or other appropriate officials to find out proper handling and disposal procedures.

If asbestos material is more than slightly damaged, or if you are going to make changes in your home that might disturb it, repair or removal by a professional is needed. Before you have your house remodeled, find out whether asbestos materials are present.

How To Identify Materials That Contain Asbestos

You can’t tell whether a material contains asbestos simply by looking at it, unless it is labeled. If in doubt, treat the material as if it contains asbestos or have it sampled and analyzed by a qualified professional. A professional should take samples for analysis, since a professional knows what to look for, and because there may be an increased health risk if fibers are released. In fact, if done incorrectly, sampling can be more hazardous than leaving the material alone. Taking samples yourself is not recommended. If you nevertheless choose to take the samples yourself, take care not to release asbestos fibers into the air or onto yourself. Material that is in good condition and will not be disturbed (by remodeling, for example) should be left alone. Only material that is damaged or will be disturbed should be sampled. Anyone who samples asbestos-containing materials should have as much information as possible on the handling of asbestos before sampling, and at a minimum, should observe the following procedures:

  • Make sure no one else is in the room when sampling is done.
  • Wear disposable gloves or wash hands after sampling.
  • Shut down any heating or cooling systems to minimize the spread of any released fibers.
  • Do not disturb the material any more than is needed to take a small sample.
  • Place a plastic sheet on the floor below the area to be sampled.
  • Wet the material using a fine mist of water containing a few drops of detergent before taking the sample. The water/detergent mist will reduce the release of asbestos fibers.
  • Carefully cut a piece from the entire depth of the material using, for example, a small knife, corer, or other sharp object. Place the small piece into a clean container (for example, a 35 mm film canister, small glass or plastic vial, or high quality resealable plastic bag).
  • Tightly seal the container after the sample is in it.
  • Carefully dispose of the plastic sheet. Use a damp paper towel to clean up any material on the outside of the container or around the area sampled. Dispose of asbestos materials according to state and local procedures.
  • Label the container with an identification number and clearly state when and where the sample was taken.
  • Patch the sampled area with the smallest possible piece of duct tape to prevent fiber release.
  • Send the sample to an asbestos analysis laboratory accredited by the National Voluntary Laboratory Accreditation Program (NVLAP) at the National Institute of Standards and technology (NIST). A directory of NVLAP-accredited laboratories is available on the NVLAP web site, http://ts.nist.gov/nvlap. Your state or local health department may also be able to help.

How To Manage An Asbestos Problem

If the asbestos material is in good shape and will not be disturbed, do nothing! If it is a problem, there are two types of corrections: repair and removal.

REPAIR usually involves either sealing or covering asbestos material.

Sealing (encapsulation) involves treating the material with a sealant that either binds the asbestos fibers together or coats the material so fibers are not released. Pipe, furnace, and boiler insulation can sometimes be repaired this way. This should be done only by a professional trained to handle asbestos safely.

Covering(enclosure) involves placing something over or around the material that contains asbestos to prevent release of fibers. Exposed insulated piping may be covered with a protective wrap or jacket.

With any type of repair, the asbestos remains in place. Repair is usually cheaper than removal, but it may make later removal of asbestos, if necessary, more difficult and costly. Repairs can either be major or minor.

Asbestos Do’s And Don’ts For The Homeowner

  • Do keep activities to a minimum in any areas having damaged material that may contain asbestos.

  • Do take every precaution to avoid damaging asbestos material.

  • Do have removal and major repair done by people trained and qualified in handling asbestos. It is highly recommended that sampling and minor repair also be done by asbestos professionals.

  • Don’t dust, sweep, or vacuum debris that may contain asbestos.

  • Don’t saw, sand, scrape, or drill holes in asbestos materials.

  • Don’t use abrasive pads or brushes on power strippers to strip wax from asbestos flooring. Never use a power stripper on a dry floor.

  • Don’t sand or try to level asbestos flooring or its backing. When asbestos flooring needs replacing, install new floor covering over it, if possible.

  • Don’t track material that could contain asbestos through the house. If you cannot avoid walking through the area, have it cleaned with a wet mop. If the material is from a damaged area, or if a large area must be cleaned, call an asbestos professional.

Major repairs must be done only by a professional trained in methods for safely handling asbestos.

Minor repairs should also be done by professionals since there is always a risk of exposure to fibers when asbestos is disturbed.

Doing minor repairs yourself is not recommended since improper handling of asbestos materials can create a hazard where none existed. If you nevertheless choose to do minor repairs, you should have as much information as possible on the handling of asbestos before doing anything. Contact your state or local health department or regional EPA office for information about asbestos training programs in your area. Your local school district may also have information about asbestos professionals and training programs for school buildings. Even if you have completed a training program, do not try anything more than minor repairs. Before undertaking minor repairs, carefully examine the area around the damage to make sure it is stable. As a general matter, any damaged area which is bigger than the size of your hand is not a minor repair.

Before undertaking minor repairs, be sure to follow all the precautions described earlier for sampling asbestos material. Always wet the asbestos material using a fine mist of water containing a few drops of detergent. Commercial products designed to fill holes and seal damaged areas are available. Small areas of material such as pipe insulation can be covered by wrapping a special fabric, such as rewettable glass cloth, around it. These products are available from stores (listed in the telephone directory under Safety Equipment and Clothing”) which specialize in asbestos materials and safety items.

REMOVAL is usually the most expensive method and, unless required by state or local regulations, should be the last option considered in most situations. This is because removal poses the greatest risk of fiber release. However, removal may be required when remodeling or making major changes to your home that will disturb asbestos material. Also, removal may be called for if asbestos material is damaged extensively and cannot be otherwise repaired. Removal is complex and must be done only by a contractor with special training. Improper removal may actually increase the health risks to you and your family.


For more information, contact your local American Lung Association at their website at http://www.lungusa.org for copies of:

  • Indoor Air Pollution Fact Sheet – Asbestos

  • Air Pollution In Your Home?

  • Other publications on indoor pollution

For more information on asbestos in other consumer products, call the CPSC Hotline or write to the U.S. Consumer Product Safety Commission, Washington, DC 20207. The CPSC Hotline has information on certain appliances and products, such as the brands and models of hair dryers that contain asbestos. Call CPSC at 1-800-638-CPSC. A teletypewriter (TTY) for the hearing impaired is available at (301) 595-7054. The Maryland TTY number is 1-800-492-8104.

To find out whether your state has a training and certification program for asbestos removal contractors, and for information on EPA’s asbestos programs, call the EPA at 202-554-1404.

For more information on asbestos identification and control activities, contact the Asbestos Coordinator in the EPA Regional Office for your region, or your state or local health department.

 

Today’s Post is courtesy of Ken Oswald

Safety and Security Manager for ENMR·Plateau

koswald@plateautel.com


 


It isn’t necessarily the flu!

One of the problems with the flu season, including the H1N1, is that a lot of things are going to be blamed on the flu that have nothing to do with the flu.

Foremost among these are issues with indoor air quality. As the weather gets colder and wetter, doors and windows stay closed and issues with indoor air quality which might have gone unnoticed during the warmer weather start to resurface (or surface for the first time, if conditions have changed). When symptoms appear, they often look like cold or flu symptoms and so might take a while to be correctly diagnosed.

Among the factors that can effect indoor air quality air:

  • Toners
  • Cleansers
  • Mold
  • Adhesives that have been used to glue down carpet
  • Fire-retardants (furniture, curtains, upholsteries and carpets)
  • Cigarette smoke
  • Perfumes and colognes
  • Dust and particulates from construction
  • Other issues

As you can see from the above list, many of these problems may appear for the first time as the fall season sets in. Indoor air ventilation may not be adequate to deal with these and so respiratory problems and allergies may start to become a problem.

If you symptoms continue or keep coming back, it might be time to get an IH in to do a little indoor air quality testing.


Spring Cleaning Hazards to be aware of

Last weekend was beautiful, sunshine, warm weather… That meant open windows, gardening and spring cleaning at my place.

Yesterday we talked about the health hazards involved in getting back outside when the weather turns nice in the spring and today we are going to look at the health hazards involved in staying indoors when you decide to clean house.

For household cleaning, you need to be aware of the fact that air quality tests have shown that one of the most hazardous places for your health can be your own home. In fact, the EPA has determined that indoor air can be 2 to 5 times more polluted than the air outside. Why? Here is a list of the possible hazards inside your home:

  • Dust and Mold – Rather than go into a detailed analysis of the dangers of mold, I will point you to a great article by Bruce Bley on The Serious Dangers of Mold and Mildew in Your House.
  • Carpets – Now I know that they feel nice on the toes when you are barefoot but they are full of mites, dirt, dust and a lot of other things that you don’t really want in your home. Additionally, many carpets “off gas” formaldehyde and other chemicals that they are impregnated with during manufacturing. Carpets are so unhealthy, in fact, that the American Lung Association recommends eliminating them from the home altogether; go for good hardwood floors and tiling instead. Throw rugs that can be properly cleaned are a great substitute.
  • Tobacco smoke, second hand smoke and third hand smoke – Yes, you read that right… third hand smoke. Recent studies have found that even the gases and particles that cling to smokers clothing and hair can have long-term hazardous effects on others around them. It may even be present in homes where smokers have lived and smoked for a long time, even years after they are no longer there.
  • Cleaning chemicals – When was the last time you look at the chemical content of the cleaners you use in your home? Here’s the rub… not only are they bad for you but, in the process of cleaning you spray them and turn them into a mist that carries all through the house and into your lungs and your families lungs. The problem is that we believe all those commercials about the smells of cleaning chemicals. My wife and I used to sell a line of cleaning products (we still use them in our home) that use microfiber cleaning clothes and cold water to clean (check them out online at Enjo.net) and one of the main reasons that people had a hard time adapting to this far superior method of cleaning had to do with the fact that they had learned, over a lifetime of cleaning, to associate the smell of chemicals with “clean”. If they didn’t smell that toxic smell they didn’t feel like their house was clean. There are much better ways to clean the home (again, check out Enjo.net) that are not only superior but faster, easier and much cheaper (even though the clothes cost something up front, you are no longer purchasing cleaning chemicals and you’d be surprised to find out how much of your paycheck actually goes to cleaning supplies).
  • Air purifiers – It’s ironic that the very instrument that is supposed to help clean the air is, in fact one of the sources of indoor air pollution. The problem? Many indoor air purifiers produce ozone and ozone, even in small amounts is not something that you want to be breathing in (Just do a google search on “Dangers of Ozone” to read more about it). While I get nothing from this referral, I recommend the Shaklee AirSource 3000.
  • Furniture and Countertops – Like carpets, a lot of the furniture, cabinets and countertops in your home is “off gassing” formaldehyde and other harmful chemicals. Pressed wood is usually the culprit some purchase solid wood, high quality furniture as well as other natural products like leather, hemp, etc…

While the EPA regulates outdoor air quality they aren’t going to do a thing about the quality of the air in your home, that’s your responsibility.