| What should I do if I get sick?If you live in areas where swine influenza cases have been identified and become ill with influenza-like symptoms,including fever, body aches, runny nose, sore throat, nausea, or vomiting or diarrhea, you may want to contact your healthcare provider, particularly if you are worried about your symptoms. Your health care provider will determine whether
influenza testing or treatment is needed.
If you are sick, you should stay home and avoid contact with other people as much as possible to keep from
spreading your illness to others.
If you become ill and experience any of the following warning signs, seek emergency medical care. In children
emergency warning signs that need urgent medical attention include:
· Fast breathing or trouble breathing
· Bluish skin color
· Not drinking enough fluids
· Not waking up or not interacting
· Being so irritable that the child does not want to be held
· Flu-like symptoms improve but then return with fever and worse cough
· Fever with a rash
In adults, emergency warning signs that need urgent medical attention include:
· Difficulty breathing or shortness of breath
· Pain or pressure in the chest or abdomen
· Sudden dizziness
· Severe or persistent vomiting
Some CDC Doctors recommend the following Flu and Cold wellness tips to help you recover:
For chest congestion:
Drink plenty of fluids (8 to 10 cups a day) such as water, sports drinks, herbal teas, fruit drinks, or Ginger ale. Fluids help break up congestion, prevent dehydration and keep your throat moist.
Inhaled steam can ease congestion too. Create steam with a humidifier, or steam up the bathroom by running a hot shower.
For nasal congestion:
Relieve clogged nasal and sinus passages caused by excessive mucus with either decongestant pills or with a nasal spray. These are best taken following a hot shower and lots of nose blowing to clear out the mucus as much as possible. Then use a hand sanitizer to kill germs on your hands.
For fever and pain, body aches and tiredness:
Rest get your full 8 hours of sleep at night if possible.
Over-the-counter medications such as acetaminophen (Tylenol) or ibuprofen (Advil or Motrin) can help decrease fever and ease sore throat pain and body aches.
For a dry hacking cough, you may choose a medication that contains a cough suppressant Look for over-the-counter medications that contain dextromethorphan.
For a cough that produces excessive mucus, or phlegm, you may want to use an expectorant that loosens phlegm. Guaifenesin is the most common active ingredient.
For sore throat:
A warm salt-water gargle can relieve a scratchy throat.
Lozenges, mouthwashes, and sprays that contain a numbing ingredient can ease the pain.
While getting a flu vaccine each year is the best way to protect against flu, influenza antiviral drugs can fight
against influenza, offering a second line of defense against the flu.
Antiviral drugs are an important second line of defense in the prevention and treatment of flu.
· Antiviral drugs are important in the treatment and prevention influenza.
· Influenza antiviral drugs can be used to treat the flu or to prevent infection with flu viruses.
· Treatment with antivirals should begin within 48 hours of getting sick, and can reduce your symptoms and shorten the time you are sick.
· When used for prevention, antivirals are 70% to 90% effective in preventing infection with influenza viruses.
· Antiviral drugs are effective across all age and risk groups.
Two antiviral drugs (oseltamivir, brand name Tamiflu®, and zanamivir, brand name Relenza®) are approved for treatment
of the flu.
· Oseltamivir is approved to treat flu in people one year of age and older.
· Zanamivir is approved to treat flu in people 7 years and older.
· These are prescription medications, and a doctor should be consulted before the drugs are used.
· Antiviral treatment lasts for 5 days and should be started within 2 days of illness, so if you get flu-like symptoms, seek medical care early on.