The World Health Organization announced in a 256 page report on Antibiotic Resistance that if something isn’t done about the issue, then we are facing a “problem so serious that it threatens the achievements of modern medicine.”
They go on to state that “Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) threatens the effective prevention and treatment of an ever-increasing range of infections caused by bacteria, parasites, viruses and fungi. ”
The key findings, according to the document, are:
• Very high rates of resistance have been observed in bacteria that cause common health-care associated and community-acquired infections (e.g. urinary tract infection, pneumonia) in all WHO regions.
• There are significant gaps in surveillance, and a lack of standards for methodology, data sharing and coordination.
Key findings from AMR surveillance in disease-specific programmes are as follows:
• Although multidrug-resistant TB is a growing concern, it is largely under-reported, compromising control efforts.
• Foci of artemisinin resistance in malaria have been identified in a few countries. Further spread, or emergence in other regions, of artemisinin-
resistant strains could jeopardize important recent gains in malaria control.
• Increasing levels of transmitted anti-HIV drug resistance have been detected among patients starting antiretroviral treatment.
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